NEW DELHI: About 24 hours after navy chiefs from India and Pakistan shocked the world final month with a uncommon joint dedication to respect a 2003 ceasefire settlement, the highest diplomat of the United Arab Emirates popped over to New Delhi for a fast one-day go to.
The official UAE readout of the February 26 assembly gave few clues of what overseas minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed spoke about with Indian counterpart Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, noting they “mentioned all regional and worldwide problems with frequent curiosity and exchanged views on them.”

But behind closed doorways, the India-Pakistan ceasefire marked a milestone in secret talks brokered by the UAE that started months earlier, based on officers conscious of the scenario who requested to not be recognized. The ceasefire, one mentioned, is barely the start of a bigger roadmap to forge an enduring peace between the neighbors, each of which have nuclear weapons and spar usually over a decades-old territory dispute.

The subsequent step within the course of, the official mentioned, includes each side reinstating envoys in New Delhi and Islamabad, who had been pulled in 2019 after Pakistan protested India’s transfer to revoke seven a long time of autonomy for Jammu and Kashmir. Then comes the arduous half: Talks on resuming commerce and an enduring decision on Kashmir, the topic of three wars since India and Pakistan grew to become unbiased from Britain in 1947.
Over time, India and Pakistan have routinely made peace overtures solely to have them shortly fall by means of, notably as each side continuously use the problem to fire up feelings round election time. Officers mentioned expectations had been low that the present detente would obtain a lot past the return of envoys and a resumption of commerce by means of their Punjab land border.
However this course of seems to be essentially the most concerted effort in years, and comes because the Biden administration is looking for wider peace talks on Afghanistan — a spot each nations for years have battled for affect. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi needs to shore up progress and focus navy assets on the border with China, whereas Pakistan’s leaders are additionally dealing with financial woes and trying to make a very good impression with the US and different powers.
Final week Pakistan military chief Normal Qamar Javed Bajwa requested India “to bury the previous and transfer ahead” whereas saying the navy was able to enter talks to resolve “all our excellent points.” The feedback got here a day after Prime Minister Imran Khan after referred to as for a decision on Kashmir, which he described as “the one problem that holds us again.”
The UAE, which has historic commerce and diplomatic hyperlinks with India and Pakistan, has taken a extra assertive worldwide function below de facto ruler Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. The most important shift has been within the Center East the place the Gulf Arab state has intervened in conflicts and backed teams and regional leaders. Nevertheless it has additionally regarded to Asia because it strengthens political alliances past its function as a worldwide commerce and logistics hub.
India-Pakistan ties had been successfully minimize off two years in the past after a terrorist assault in Kashmir killed 40 Indian troopers, prompting Modi’s authorities to authorize air strikes on alleged terror services inside Pakistan. The joint assertion final month mentioned the 2 sides “agreed to handle one another’s core points,” signaling a wider dialogue on Kashmir and terrorism.
A number of clues over the previous few months pointed on the UAE’s function. In November, Jaishankar met bin Zayed and the crown prince on a two-day go to to Abu Dhabi, adopted by Pakistan overseas minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi the next month. Roughly two weeks earlier than the February 25 announcement, the UAE overseas minister held a cellphone name with Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan “whereby they mentioned regional and worldwide problems with curiosity.” And simply days earlier than, India allowed Khan’s plane to fly over Indian airspace as he headed to Sri Lanka for a state go to — a follow suspended because the 2019 hostilities.
After the ceasefire, the UAE was one in all a handful of nations to problem a press release welcoming the ceasefire announcement, highlighting the “shut historic ties” it has with each India and Pakistan and hailing “the efforts made by each nations to return to this settlement.” In Washington, State Division spokesman Ned Value dodged a query on what function the US performed in bringing the 2 sides collectively whereas urging Pakistan to play a constructive function in Afghanistan, Kashmir and different locations.
“Clearly Pakistan has an essential function to play with regards to Afghanistan and what takes place throughout its different border,” Value mentioned on February 25. “So clearly, we will likely be paying shut consideration.”

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